|STATE BIRD OF HIMACHAL||House Sparrow|
|MAIN TOWNS||Patna, Nalanda, Madhubani, Gaya|
|TEMPERATURE||Summer(22℃ to 45℃) Monsoon(July to Sep)(15℃ to 28℃) Winter(Oct to Feb)(1℃ to 15℃)|
It is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India. The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word, Vihara (Devanagari: विहार), meaning “abode”.
The region roughly encompassing the present state was dotted with Buddhist vihara, the abodes of Buddhist monks in the ancient and medieval periods. It covers an area of 94,163 km square and is thirteenth largest state of India and is third largest state of India by population.
It is surrounded with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. Bihar was considered as a center of power learning, and culture.
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Bihar is third-largest state of India and its culture is greatly influenced by pilgrimage centres of all the religions. The state is the oldest inhabited place in India. Bihar is home to many native art forms, historic and valued places and universities.
The state is rich in culture and heritage. Buddhism was originated in Bihar. It is also home to Maurya dynasty. Biharis are well known for their Madhubani Painting as they know the perfect use of colored paste that is made from rice powder.
Local people do this artwork even on clothes and canvases with the use of twigs, brushes, fingers, matchsticks and nib pens. These paintings are used even in marriages and on different festivals and occasions.
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- Nalanda University: This University is considered as the first residential university ever in the world. Buddha himself was a teacher here and Hieun-Tsang, Chinese traveler and great scholar, was a student of this university. This university was built in Kushana Style of architecture.
- Bodhi Tree: This tree is famous as Buddha achieved enlightenment under this tree and it is a pilgrim center for Buddhists who hail from all parts of the world. It is also declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The architecture of this temple goes to show the richness and grace of Indian architecture.
- Patna Museum: It was constructed in 1917.This museum is a mix of Rajput and Mughal architecture. This museum includes archaeological objects, paintings, sculptures and images by artists belonging to Hinduism and Buddhism.
- Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall: It was built in memory of famous Chinese scholar and traveler Hieun Tsang. The construction of the hall is rich in architecture. This was the place where Hieun Tsang learned Yoga under the guidance of Acharya Shil Bhadra.
- Bunar Fort: This ancient fort is situated in Bunar along the Ganges river. The carvings found in the fort offer amazing views and the construction of the fort is outstanding. Gauri Shankar Temple and North Baba Temple are the main attractions.
- Rajgir Hot Springs: This is the famous tourist spots and is located at the foot of Vaibhava Hills. The springs get their water from Saptadhara, which passes behind the Saptaparni caves. It is believed that Lord Buddha and Mahavir had bathed in these hot springs. This hot springs are considered to possess medicinal properties.
- Ahirauli: Temple of Devi Ahalya is famous in Ahirauli village. You will notice intense faith of the people towards Ramayana here. Local people of Ahirauli worshipped Ramchandra with great devotion and love.
- Hasanpura: This place is famous for its religious and historical importance. You will also find basalt image of Lord Vishnu. Hasanpura is home to both Muslims as well as Hindus.
- Champaran: This place plays an important role in the movement of Indian independence. Champaran Movement was also started in Bihar.
- Ramchura: Ramchura is a great place for the devotees of Lord Rama. Ram Navami is the festival which is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Ramchura. Local people break their fast by taking fruits and sweets.
- Maner Sharif: This place is important to the center of learning and knowledge. Maner is also home to Shah Daulat and Sheikh Yahia Maneri. This place is famous for its architectural buildings.
- Rajgir: This place offers you to visit temples and monasteries. Rajgir is surrounded by beauty. Rajgir was also home to Lord Buddha for many years. It is one of the most important pilgrimage centers for Buddhist.
- Valmiki Nagar: This place is home to Valmiki Ashram. This village is located on the Indo Nepal Border. In this village a festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy which is very famous and is celebrated during the time of Makar Sankranti.
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1) Chatth Puja: Sun God, Surya is worshipped during this festival and is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy. A person observing the Chatth have to take fast from dawn to dusk. They break their fast by eating sweets.
2) Sama Chakeva: Sama Chakeva is the festival which is celebrated when the migratory bird during winter from the Himalayas migrate to the plains.
3) Shravani Mela: This festival is celebrated in the month of July or August. Devotees take part and wear saffron-coloured clothes and collect water from the sacred Ghats at Sultanganj.
4) Sonepur Cattle Fair: This festival is Asia’s largest cattle fair. This festival is celebrated on the day of Kartik Purnima that takes place after the festival of Diwali. Foreign tourists are mostly attracted to this fair.
5) Makar Sankranti Mela: This festival is celebrated in Rajgir town. The festival is celebrated in the month of January. This is also a famous festival celebrated in Bihar.
6) Buddha Jayanti: This festival is celebrated in the month of May. This festival is celebrated on the full moon day or on the Baisakh Purnima. Bodh Gaya and Rajgir are the main places in Bihar where the festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm.
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1) Jungle Safaris: Jungle safaris will give you a chance to explore the forest areas. You can enjoy this activity via a jeep, elephant or horse. National Parks and wildlife sanctuaries are the best places for Jungle Safaris.
2) Trekking: Trekking is the best activity to do in Bihar for nature lover as you will get to notice many rare species of flora and fauna. The trekking activity in Bihar is an outstanding opportunity for trekkers.
3) Wildlife Safari: During this activity you will get to notice a different variety of wild animals such as deer, Chital, Blackbuck, Bears, Leopards, Rhinos and elephants. You will also find a huge number of a variety of birds. Wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are the best places to do this activity.
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Flora and Fauna: 7.2% of the land of Bihar is covered with forest. You will find a deciduous forest in the Champaran district. Scrub, grass and reeds are also found here. You can also find Sal forests in Bihar. Shorea Robusta, Sal Cedrela Toona, Khair and Semal Deciduous forests are the main trees found in Saharsa and Purnia districts.
Flora is also present in different varieties such as Shorea Robusta, Diospyrosmelanoxylon, Boswellia Serrata, Terminalia tomentose, and Terminalia Billerica, Terminalia Arjuna, Pterocarpus Marsupium and Madhuca Indica. Animal lovers can visit Valmiki National Park which is ranked as fourth in terms of density of tiger population. The state is rich in culture and also in flora and fauna. Bihar is surrounded by diverse landscape and sheltering rich wildlife habitats.
Bihar is famous for its ancient monuments, pilgrimage sites and natural scenic beauty. Bihar is the center of many religions and have many pilgrimage sites of all the religion and are the major tourist attraction.
Tourists from not only India but also from all over the world visit Bihar. There are many Bungalow, Cafeteria, Restaurant, Transportation and Ropeway facilities built by Bihar Tourism Development Corporation for tourist. There are many interesting city tours, Buddhist tours and wildlife tours started by Bihar Tourism Development for tourist.
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Interesting facts about Bihar:
1) Bihar is the 13th largest state of India by area.
2) Folk Dance of Bihar is Seraikella Chhau.
3) Least literate state of India in Bihar.
4) Bihar is the poorest state in India according to the economy.
5) Limonite, Mica, Kaolin and limestone are the main mineral resources found in Bihar.
Climate: Summer (March to June)
- Weather remains extremely hot during this season.
- Bihar experiences dust-storms, thunderstorms and dust-raising winds during the hot season.
Bihar experiences moderate amount of rainfall during the Monsoon Season (June to September).
2) Bihari Kebab
3) Sattu Parantha
5) Dal Bhari Poori
6) Bhang Ki Pakori