|STATE BIRD OF HIMACHAL||Himalayan Monal|
|STATE ANIMAL||Musk Deer|
|MAIN TOWNS||Dehradun, Almora, Chamba, Haridwar, Mukteshwar, Mussoorie, Nainital, Pithoragarh, Rishikesh|
|TEMPERATURE||Summer(March to June)(20℃ to 35℃) Monsoon(July to Sep)(15℃ to 25℃) Winter(Oct to Feb)(3℃ to 15℃)|
Hindi is the main language, Pahari . Kumaoni and Garhwali
Uttarakhand known as Uttaranchal is a state in the northern part of India. It is also referred by the name Devbhumi (Land of Gods) because of many Hindu Temples throughout the state.
There are two main regions of Uttarakhand; Garhwal and Kumaon. Each region has its own language and culture. The official language of Uttarakhand is Hindi and 2nd official language is Sanskrit.
The people of the state are generally called Uttarakhandi, Garhwali or Kumaoni by their region of origin. Uttarakhand in the Himalayan region is one of the most picturesque states in the country.
It has in store several tourist destinations. Range from hill stations to popular towns to pilgrim destinations.
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Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,483 km. Most of the part of the state is cover by Mountain peaks and Glaciers. Ganga at Gangotri and Yamuna at Yamunotri two of the most important rivers originates from Uttarakhand. Badrinath and Kedarnath temples are also located in Uttarakhand. Every year thousands of Hindu pilgrimage visit these temples. Jim Corbett national park is the oldest national park in India.
Uttarakhand has a unique culture. The culture of Uttarakhand is a mixture of Kumaoni and Garhwal culture. Uttarakhand is home to seven different groups of people who follow their own culture which means there are seven different cultures. Paharis, Jaunsari, Bhotia, Buksha, Tharu and Raji are the main people of Uttarakhand. Hindi, Kumaoni, Garhwali, Jaunsari and Bhotiya are the main languages that are spoken in Uttarakhand.
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- Basant Panchami: It is celebrated in the spring season and is one of the most important religious festivals of Uttarakhand. During this festival, people worship Goddess Saraswati. On this day people adorn themselves in yellow outfits and also put yellow tikkas on their foreheads.
- Bhitauli: This festival is celebrated with much pomp all over the state. It is celebrated in the month of Chaitra according to the Hindu calendar. In this festival brothers shares gift with their sisters.
- Nandadevi: On this festival Goddess Nanda Devi is worshipped. This festival is one of the most popular festivals of Uttarakhand as people from all the remotest corners of the state as well as the country comes to participate in the festival.
- Ghee Sankranti: Also known as Olgia Sankranti. The festival is celebrated on the first day of the Bhado month according to Hindu calendar. It is a very important festival of the agriculturalists and is celebrated with great joy. People put Ghee on their forehead and also consume chapattis made of ghee and stuffed with’urad’ dal.
- Makar Sankranti: This festival is considered to be very auspicious. This festival marks the change of season. The people of Uttarakhand participate in the Uttarayani fairs and also take ceremonial dips in sacred rivers.
- Ganga Dussehra: This festival is celebrated in the months of May/June. On this day the sacred river Ganga is worshipped and Dussehra posters adorn the doors of houses and temples. The local people also bathe in the holy rivers.
- Phool Dei: This festival belongs to young girls as they go to all the houses in the locality with plates consisting of rice, coconut, jaggery, flowers and green leaves and in return they are given blessing and present in return.
- Hilljatra: This festival is celebrated with much fervor in some parts of the Pithoragarh district. It is an important festival of pastoralists and agriculturalists. Animal sacrifices are also given.
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Uttarakhand is a great place for trekking. At the lower levels, there are forests and wildlife. Uttarakhand has many tourist spots due to its location in the Himalayas. There are many ancient temples, national parks, hill stations and mountain peaks. Every year it draws a large number of tourists.
Major Tourist Attractions in Uttarakhand
Nainital is famous for its misty lakes, beautiful temples and picture-perfect scenery. Nainital is located in the lap of Kumaon Hills. This place is famous among tourist dorm all over the world and is paradise for peace lover. Nainital is also known as Lake District of Uttarakhand. Nainital is named after Goddess Naina Devi. It is also known as a perfect honeymoon destination.
2) Valley of Flowers
This place is a famous national park which is located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. It is also known as Serene Valley of Flowers. Valley of Flowers discovered by Mountaineer Frank S Smith in the year 1931. It is also on the list of World Heritage Site. Medicinal herbs are found here. It is located at the meeting point of Zanskar and western and eastern Himalayas. It is a perfect place for nature lovers.
Rishikesh is blessed with natural beauty all around. It is home to many ancient temples, yoga ashrams and popular cafes. It is paradise for adventure lovers. This place has a perfect blend of spiritual and adventure experience. It is also known as a perfect spiritual destination.
This place is famous for its apple orchards and oaks and deodars.It is popular among the tourist for its skiing and glittering slopes. Auli is blessed with a clean environment. It is located at a height of 2800 meters above sea level. Nanda Devi, Mana Parvat and Kamat Kamet are located here. Auli is blessed by Shankaracharya.
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It is located at a height of 1370 meter and is home to many temples. It is blessed with verdant mountains and a pristine blue lake. The best part of Bhimtal is picture perfect surroundings. Bhimtal is also known as the most beautiful magical spell of nature. Bhimtal Lake is one of the main tourist attraction here.
It is located at a height of 3584 meters. It is also in the mist of Char Dhams. It is located in the Garhwal Himalayan range. It is believed that it is founded by the Pandavas. Lord Shiva is worshipped here as Kedarnath is famous for its Shiva temples and are ancient. Kedarnath is remained closed for 6 months during the winter season.
It is also known as a little hilly town. It is famous for its snowy view. It is located at a height of 1700 meter. It is home to untouched natural beauty. It is also popular among tourist as it is one of the British Hill stations. This place is home to mesmerizing and breathtaking views. Shardotsav festival is celebrated here which is a great tourist attraction.
Mukteshwar is a beautiful hill station in Uttarakhand and is located at a height of 7500 feet. It is home to fruit orchards, Rolling Meadows and coniferous forests. This place is famous for its adventure sports. Little cottages and homes are built here in colonial style. Nanda Devi Peak can also be seen from here.
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Uttarkashi is the chief source of Ganga Rives which is the holiest river of Hinduism. Natural surroundings of here are very pure. This place is blessed with untouched natural beauty.
It is popularly known as the holy town of Uttaranchal. This town was also mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. It is located at a height of 1319 meter above the sea level. It is a perfect stopover for the trekkers who are trekking to Kedarnath. This place is blessed with beautiful green forests, amazing weather and mesmerizing view of Chaukhmaba Range.
It is a beautiful town with picture perfect views. It is located at a height of 1451 meters. This town is of mythological significance. It is believed that Karna (the character of Mahabharata) worshipped the Sun God here. Also, it is believed that it is the place where Swami Vivekananda meditated.
Almora is a famous hill station and is in the shape of a horse-shoe. This place is famous for its rich culture and heritage, beautiful handicrafts, magnificent wildlife and tasty cuisine.
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Best time to visit Uttarakhand is in summers as the temperature is very normal and mild and is also very favorable. It is not easy to travel in winters as some places are inaccessible. Winter is best for traveling in the plain region of Uttarakhand as the weather is pleasant.
Uttarakhand also known as Uttaranchal is also referred as Dev Bhumi which is also known as The Land of Gods. It is home to numerous pilgrimage centers. Hindu Temples are maximum in Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand is home to beautiful Himalayan Peaks and steamy juggles. It is home to peaceful hill stations which is a paradise for peace lovers and nature lovers. Uttarakhand is also famous for its best trekking trails in India. It has the best yoga schools. Dehradun is the most famous place in Uttarakhand and is also the largest city of Uttarakhand as well as the state capital.
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1) Trekking: Trekking is done in the foothills of Uttarakhand. Roopkund Trek, Chandrashila Trek and Har Ki Dun Trek are some of the most famous treks of Uttarakhand.
2) Paragliding: Mukteshwar and Ranikhet
3) Skiing: Auli
4) White Water Rafting: Shivpuri and Rishikesh.
5) Camping: Kanatal, Dhanaulti, Padamapuri, Sattal, Bhimtal and Rani Chori.
6) Elephant Safari: Corbett National Park and Rajaji National Park.
7) Bungee Jumping: Rishikesh
8) Cable Car Ride: Nainital
9) Kayaking and Canoeing: Rishikesh
10) Zip-line activity: Nainital, Rishikesh and Mussoorie
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Famous Cuisine of Uttarakhand
1) Kafuli: Perfect food for diet conscious people. It is prepared with spinach and fenugreek leaves.
2) Bhang Ki Chutney: Prepared from hemp seeds and has a tangy taste.
3) Garhwal ka Fannah: It is a perfect dish for food lovers and is the staple food of Mussoorie.
4) Baadi: It is one of the most mesmerizing dishes of Uttarakhand. It has the tangy taste.
5) Jhangora Ki Kheer: One of the most famous sweet dish of state.
6) Gulgula: It is a sweet local snack which is very famous and is made of jaggery.
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Interesting facts about Uttarakhand
- Uttarakhand is the only state which has official language Sanskrit.
- Kedarnath Temple is one of the holiest places as per Hindu beliefs.
- Uttarakhand was previously named as Uttaranchal and its name was changed in the year 2007.
- Six of the seven National Parks of UP are now in Uttarakhand.
- Uttarakhand is the second fastest growing state in India after Madhya Pradesh.
- It is also the place home for pilgrimage sites of Chotha Char Dham which includes Kedarnath, Gangotri, Badrinath and Yamuna.
- It is also home to Nanda Devi Peak which is the highest peak of India, first being Kanchenjunga.
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The roads are a bit tricky, and taxi rides in the hills may appear dangerous. Otherwise, Uttarakhand is a pretty safe place for tourists. Tourists encounter problems in the urban centers & the plains districts such as Haridwar.